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UN's 19th Climate Conference Underway

Written By Gopal Krishna on Wednesday, November 13, 2013 | 6:21 AM

The nineteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and and the 9th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 9) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol is underway in Warsaw, Poland. CoP 19 is being held from 11 to 22 November 2013 to deliberate on a global climate change agreement. In 2015, the Paris Conference is likely to finalize it. Warsaw negotiations is continuum of the negotiations conducted at Kyoto, Durban, Doha, and Bonn. 

UNFCCC provides the framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change.  It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Under the UNFCCC, governments gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices, launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries and ooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change. The Convention entered into force on 21 March 1994 with aim to stabilize greenhouse gases (GHGs). Kyoto Protocol too was adopted under the UNFCCC. 

The greenhouse gases (GHGs) are:
• Carbon dioxide (CO2) that accounts for around three-quarters of the warming impact of current human greenhouse-gas emissions. The key source of CO2 is the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, though deforestation is also a very significant contributor.

• Methane (CH4) that accounts for around 14% of the impact of current human greenhouse-gas emissions. Key sources include agriculture (especially livestock and rice fields), fossil fuel extraction and the decay of organic waste in landfill sites. Methane doesn't persist in the atmosphere as long as CO2, though its warming effect is much more potent for each gram of gas released.

• Nitrous oxide (N2O) that accounts for around 8% of the warming impact of current human greenhouse-gas emissions. Key sources include agriculture (especially nitrogen-fertilised soils and livestock waste) and industrial processes. Nitrous oxide is even more potent per gram than methane.

• Fluorinated gases that account for around 1% of the warming impact of current human greenhouse-gas emissions. Key sources are industrial processes. F-gases are even more potent per gram than nitrous oxide.

Negotiations of the Governments do not give any impression that the concerns and voice of common people of the developing and developed world is being reflected. This has been the case from the outset. Institutions of all sorts consistently feign to represent, diagnose and provide remedial measures to deal with the climate crisis caused by industrial pollution, industrial agriculture, unplanned urbanisation and indiscriminate and unwise motorisation from the inception of industrialization sans life cycle analysis.         
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