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Indian position on hazardous white chrysotile asbestos must be consistent with domestic law at UN's Rotterdam Convention meeting in Geneva

Written By Gopal Krishna on Saturday, March 28, 2015 | 6:06 AM

National Human Rights Commission asks Labour Mnistry to reveals steps taken to ban White Chrysotile Asbestos

Green Tribunal takes cognizance of impact of asbestos mining and unscientific closure

India should learn from more than 50 countries which have banned hazardous white chrysotile asbestos

After Japan, Nepal also bans asbestos in Asia

March 28, 2015: Ahead of the upcoming technical workshop of UN's Rotterdam Convention (RC) on white chrysotile asbestos scheduled during March 30-31, 2015 and 7th Conference of the Parties (COP7) of the UN's Rotterdam Convention (RC) in Geneva during May 12-15, 2015, National Human Rights Commissions’ observation and National Green Tribunal assumes great significance. Indian delegation must adhere to domestic law and should resist the unethical and immoral act of Mr. Vivek Chandra Rao Sripalle of Asbestos Cement Products Manufacturers’ Association (ACPMA) who has been included in the Provisional list of participants at the Technical workshop on chrysotile asbestos.

India’s position at the last meeting of UN's Rotterdam Convention was inconsistent with domestic law.

It is noteworthy that Part II of Schedule-I of the Manufacture, Storage and import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 provides the List of Hazardous and Toxic Chemicals. This list has 429 chemicals. Asbestos is at the serial no. 28 in the list. This Rule and the list is available on the website of Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.

Under Factories Act, 1948, the List of 29 industries involving hazardous processes is given under Section 2 (cb), Schedule First, asbestos is mentioned at serial no. 24.  The Act defines "hazardous process" as “any process or activity in relation to an industry specified in the First Schedule where, unless special care is taken, raw materials used therein or the intermediate or finished products, bye-products, wastes or effluents thereof would--(i) cause material impairment to the health of the persons engaged in or connected therewith, or (ii) result in the pollution of the general environment”.  This leaves no doubt that asbestos is a hazardous substance. The Act is available at:

Government of India’s Inventory of Hazardous Chemicals Import in India that lists ‘asbestos’ at serial no. 26 as one of the 180 hazardous chemicals in international trade which is imported in India.
These laws and official documents were ignored by the Indian delegation under the accompanying representatives of the chrysotile asbestos industry.
In a significant development, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has taken cognizance of the fact that “the Union Ministry of Labour had expressed the opinion that the Govt. of India was considering the ban on use of Chrysotile Asbestos in India to protect the workers and the general population against primary and secondary exposure of Chrysotile form of Asbestos.” NHRC has sent a notice to “the Secretary, Ministry of Labour to give a report within six weeks as to whether any steps had been taken in this regard.” The attached NHRC document reveals the status as of March 28, 2015.

NHRC’s directions reads: “The Hon'ble Supreme Court in Writ Petition (Civil) No.206 of 1986 had given the following directions- ‘1. To maintain and keep maintaining the health record of every worker up to a minimum period of 40 years from the beginning of the employment or 15 years after retirement or cessation of the employment whichever is later; 2. The Membrane Filter Test, to detect asbestos fibre should be adopted by all the factories or establishments at par with the Metalliferrous Mines Regulations, 1961; and Vienna Convention and Rules issued thereunder; 3. All the factories whether covered by the Employees State Insurance Act or Workmen's Compensation Act or otherwise are directed to compulsorily insure health coverage to every worker; 4. The Union and the State Governments are directed to review the standards of permissible exposure limit value of fibre/cc in tune with the international standards reducing the permissible contents as prayed in the writ petition referred to at the beginning. The review shall be continued after every 10 years and also as and when the I.L.O. gives directions in this behalf consistent with its recommendations or any Conventions; 5. The Union and all the State Governments are directed to consider inclusion of such of those small scale factory or factories or industries to protect health hazards of the worker engaged in the manufacture of asbestos or its ancillary produce’."

NHRC directions reads: “The Labour Department, Bihar Government is directed to file a report within six weeks whether the directions contained in the Supreme Court order are being followed by all manufactures of Asbestos in the State of Bihar including Ramco Industries. The Director, Cancer Epidemiology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai has not sent his response on the subject matter so far. Registry is, therefore, directed to issue reminder to Director, Cancer Epidemiology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai to submit the required report within six weeks.”

NHRC has been seized with the matter since 2011 taking cognizance of a complaint alleging deaths of thousands of people die every year in the country due to Asbestos related cancer. The complainant has sought Commission's intervention for a ban on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos (White Asbestos), which is hazardous for the health of people and causes various incurable diseases. The white Asbestos is a fibrous material used for building roofs and walls and various in other forms.  Citing contradictory position of the Government on the issue the complainant has alleged that though the mining of Asbestos has been technically banned by the government, but it allows its import and that too from the countries which do not prefer its domestic use.  It is also alleged that white Asbestos is considered a hazardous chemical substance for environment by a number of countries in the world. However, it is being used in a number of industries in India affecting the workers employed their in.  The complainant has also requested for grant of a compensation package for present and future victims of Asbestos diseases. 

The Commission had issued notices to the Secretaries of Ministries of Chemical Fertilizers, Environment and Forest, Health and Family Welfare, Industry and Commerce, Labour and Chief Secretaries of all the States/Union Territories calling for status reports. The replies of most of the concerned authorities have been received. The Commission is all set to announce its recommendations.

In a related development Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers has been informed about the Statement of some 100 scientists calling on the Government of India to withdraw a discredited scientific study on chrysotile (white) asbestos and to stop blocking the listing of chrysotile asbestos as a hazardous substance at an upcoming UN meeting. The ‘Study of Health Hazards / Environmental hazards resulting from use of Chrysotile variety of Asbestos in the country’, carried out by the National Institute of Occupational Health (India), states that it found no evidence that chrysotile asbestos is causing harm to health of workers in India. The Government is using the study as the reason why it will oppose the listing of chrysotile asbestos under the Rotterdam Convention at a UN conference in Geneva in May. The Convention sets safety standards to promote responsible trade in hazardous substances. It may be noted that “The study has no scientific credibility,” stated Dr. Philip Landrigan, President of the Collegium Ramazzini and Dean for Global Health, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York. “It is flawed in the design, methodology and interpretation of the results,” he added. This statement is consistent with Supreme Court’s order and resolutions of ILO and WHO on chrysotile asbestos.  

In another related development, National Green Tribunal remarked on March 23rd, 2015 took cognizance of asbestos mining in states like Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Jharkhand. It sought report on cases wherein “asbestos mining activity has been abandoned/closed, scientific closure of such mines remains in question.”

The Tribunal has asked the central environment ministry and Indian Bureau of Mines to “file list of asbestos mines located in the entire country and their present status, particularly as regards scientific closure of such mines.”

The Tribunal took congnisance of the list of existing 38 asbestos mines listed at the page 174 -extract from lease directory in the State of Rajasthan. In response, the State of Rajasthan has filed a status report dated 23.02.2015 which is supported with the affidavit and the annexure giving the description of asbestos mines.  According to this report, 32 asbestos mines listed at annexure page -3 are closed and as regards others it is revealed at paragraph-2 of the report that the same have asbestos in meager quantity and are intended to work with respect to some other minerals, namely, Abrasive granite, Quartz, Feldspar and as such no asbestos mining is going on in the State of Rajasthan. The status report speaks about the asbestos mining having been stopped. However, there is nothing to suggest that the asbestos mines which were formerly being mined for asbestos have been scientifically closed or not. The Government of Rajasthan shall file a report regarding scientifically closure of the asbestos mines and the instances of asbestos is in the State of Rajasthan till today. Referring to the affidavits filed on behalf of respondent no. 5 –Director of Mines and Geology, Government of Andhra Pradesh dated 26.02.2015, 26.08.2014 and the reply of respondent no. 8 –Andhra  Pradesh Pollution Control Board dated 15.10.2014, learned Counsel appearing for the State of Andhra Pradesh submitted that there were only five asbestos mines operating in the State of Andhra Pradesh the operations of three of which have been suspended since January/February, 2014 and as regards other 2 closed long back prior to 2014 and there have been no cases of  asbestos related cancer registered till April, 2012. Asbestos mining not only gives rise to asbestos related cancer but also to the asbestosis. The State of Andhra Pradesh has been asked to further elaborate as to the cases of asbestos is, if any, registered in the State of Andhra Pradesh till today.

Tribunal was informed by the MoEF that there have been 42 asbestos mines in the State of Karnataka which are presently not functioning. However, it is not known that whether they have been scientifically closed or not. Issue Notice to the State of Karnataka and State of Jharkhand by registered post/acknowledgment due and Dasti as well. Notice to be served on the Resident Commissioners of the respective states. States of Karnataka and Jharkhand has been asked whether the asbestos mines have been closed scientifically or not and whether there have been any instances of asbestos is in their states.

Last time India delegation relied on an irrelevant note of the Ministry of Chemicals prepared on the basis of an admittedly questionable study of NIOH study. (PIB Release attached)  The ICMR Annual Report 2011-2012 reported the “Study of Hazards/Environmental Hazards resulting from use of Chrysotile variety of asbestos in the country (Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, GOI)”  as having been done. The Director, NIOH had sent a revised proposal on June 22, 2005 to Under Secretary. Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers,Government of India to conduct the study.  A reply from Shri R N Jindal, Union Ministry of Environment & Forests based on Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC)’s note dated June 18, 2013 on the issue of Government of India’s position on hazardous substance chrysotile asbestos at the Sixth Conference of Parties of (CoP-6) of the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade held during April 28-May 10, 2013 in Switzerland.

The 7 page long attached note of the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC), Union Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers on the subject of Chrysotile Asbestos titled ‘Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals’ View on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos” in the country’ was shared with me by the Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.

MoEF’s contention based DCPC’s note stating that “On the basis of the said note, the listing of Chrysotile Asbestos under Annex ‘A’ of Rotterdam Convention at CoP-6 during April 28th -May 10th 2013 at Geneva could not be supported” is misplaced.  

The note of the ‘line department’, i.e. Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC), Union Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers on the subject chrysotile asbestos.   The note of the DCPC reveals that it has failed to understand the purpose of the Rotterdam Convention and ignorance about the objective of the Convention. The note is irrelevant from the point of view of the objective of the Convention for which it was prepared. While one disagrees with the findings of the conflict of interest ridden study conducted by the National Institute of Occupational Health, (NIOH), it is evident that even this study does not state that chrysotile asbestos is not a hazardous chemical. Had NIOH study concluded that Chrysotile Asbestos is not a hazardous chemical it may have become relevant. But even then it would have been legally unsustainable because under Indian laws chrysotile asbestos is a hazardous chemical.  

The concluding sentence of the DCPC’s note saying, “In view of the above, India may take a stand in the next CoP meeting of Rotterdam Convention for not inclusion of chrysotile asbestos in Annexure-III of Convention.  The flawed conclusion of the note titled ‘Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals’ View on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos” in the country’ is quite stark and will not stand scrutiny of logic.

The verdict of five judges of Japan’s Supreme Court of February 17, 2015 is quite relevant in this regard. It has upheld a ruling that found asbestos used at a plant of Kubota Corporation caused fatal mesothelioma in a man who lived near the plant and ordered the company to pay ¥31.9 million in damages to his relatives. The petitioners were relatives of Kojiro Yamauchi, who died at age 80 after working for two decades about 200 meters from the Kubota plant in Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture. His relatives and those of Ayako Yasui, who died at age 85 having lived about 1 km from the plant, sought damages from both Kubota and the government. In October, 2014 the Supreme Court ruled that the government was responsible for failing to protect workers from exposure at asbestos factories in Sennan, Osaka Prefecture.

It is noteworthy that Japan has banned asbestos of all kinds including white chrysotile asbestos.

Meanwhile, Nepal has become the first country in South Asia which going in the direction of banning asbestos and joined more than 50 countries which have banned hazardous white chrysotile asbestos.

For DetailsGopal Krishna, ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA), Mb: 08227816731, 09818089660, E-mail:1715krishna@gmail.com, Web: www.toxicswatch.org

Indian position on hazardous white chrysotile asbestos must be consistent with domestic law at UN's Rotterdam Convention meeting in Geneva

National Human Rights Commission asks Labour Mnistry to reveals steps taken to ban White Chrysotile Asbestos

Green Tribunal takes cognizance of impact of asbestos mining and unscientific closure

India should learn from more than 50 countries which have banned hazardous white chrysotile asbestos

After Japan, Nepal also bans asbestos in Asia

March 28, 2015: Ahead of the upcoming technical workshop of UN's Rotterdam Convention (RC) on white chrysotile asbestos scheduled during March 30-31, 2015 and 7th Conference of the Parties (COP7) of the UN's Rotterdam Convention (RC) in Geneva during May 12-15, 2015, National Human Rights Commissions’ observation and National Green Tribunal assumes great significance. Indian delegation must adhere to domestic law and should resist the unethical and immoral act of Mr. Vivek Chandra Rao Sripalle of Asbestos Cement Products Manufacturers’ Association (ACPMA) who has been included in the Provisional list of participants at the Technical workshop on chrysotile asbestos.

India’s position at the last meeting of UN's Rotterdam Convention was inconsistent with domestic law.

It is noteworthy that Part II of Schedule-I of the Manufacture, Storage and import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 provides the List of Hazardous and Toxic Chemicals. This list has 429 chemicals. Asbestos is at the serial no. 28 in the list. This Rule and the list is available on the website of Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.

Under Factories Act, 1948, the List of 29 industries involving hazardous processes is given under Section 2 (cb), Schedule First, asbestos is mentioned at serial no. 24.  The Act defines "hazardous process" as “any process or activity in relation to an industry specified in the First Schedule where, unless special care is taken, raw materials used therein or the intermediate or finished products, bye-products, wastes or effluents thereof would--(i) cause material impairment to the health of the persons engaged in or connected therewith, or (ii) result in the pollution of the general environment”.  This leaves no doubt that asbestos is a hazardous substance. The Act is available at:

Government of India’s Inventory of Hazardous Chemicals Import in India that lists ‘asbestos’ at serial no. 26 as one of the 180 hazardous chemicals in international trade which is imported in India.
These laws and official documents were ignored by the Indian delegation under the accompanying representatives of the chrysotile asbestos industry.
In a significant development, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has taken cognizance of the fact that “the Union Ministry of Labour had expressed the opinion that the Govt. of India was considering the ban on use of Chrysotile Asbestos in India to protect the workers and the general population against primary and secondary exposure of Chrysotile form of Asbestos.” NHRC has sent a notice to “the Secretary, Ministry of Labour to give a report within six weeks as to whether any steps had been taken in this regard.” The attached NHRC document reveals the status as of March 28, 2015.

NHRC’s directions reads: “The Hon'ble Supreme Court in Writ Petition (Civil) No.206 of 1986 had given the following directions- ‘1. To maintain and keep maintaining the health record of every worker up to a minimum period of 40 years from the beginning of the employment or 15 years after retirement or cessation of the employment whichever is later; 2. The Membrane Filter Test, to detect asbestos fibre should be adopted by all the factories or establishments at par with the Metalliferrous Mines Regulations, 1961; and Vienna Convention and Rules issued thereunder; 3. All the factories whether covered by the Employees State Insurance Act or Workmen's Compensation Act or otherwise are directed to compulsorily insure health coverage to every worker; 4. The Union and the State Governments are directed to review the standards of permissible exposure limit value of fibre/cc in tune with the international standards reducing the permissible contents as prayed in the writ petition referred to at the beginning. The review shall be continued after every 10 years and also as and when the I.L.O. gives directions in this behalf consistent with its recommendations or any Conventions; 5. The Union and all the State Governments are directed to consider inclusion of such of those small scale factory or factories or industries to protect health hazards of the worker engaged in the manufacture of asbestos or its ancillary produce’."

NHRC directions reads: “The Labour Department, Bihar Government is directed to file a report within six weeks whether the directions contained in the Supreme Court order are being followed by all manufactures of Asbestos in the State of Bihar including Ramco Industries. The Director, Cancer Epidemiology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai has not sent his response on the subject matter so far. Registry is, therefore, directed to issue reminder to Director, Cancer Epidemiology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai to submit the required report within six weeks.”

NHRC has been seized with the matter since 2011 taking cognizance of a complaint alleging deaths of thousands of people die every year in the country due to Asbestos related cancer. The complainant has sought Commission's intervention for a ban on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos (White Asbestos), which is hazardous for the health of people and causes various incurable diseases. The white Asbestos is a fibrous material used for building roofs and walls and various in other forms.  Citing contradictory position of the Government on the issue the complainant has alleged that though the mining of Asbestos has been technically banned by the government, but it allows its import and that too from the countries which do not prefer its domestic use.  It is also alleged that white Asbestos is considered a hazardous chemical substance for environment by a number of countries in the world. However, it is being used in a number of industries in India affecting the workers employed their in.  The complainant has also requested for grant of a compensation package for present and future victims of Asbestos diseases. 

The Commission had issued notices to the Secretaries of Ministries of Chemical Fertilizers, Environment and Forest, Health and Family Welfare, Industry and Commerce, Labour and Chief Secretaries of all the States/Union Territories calling for status reports. The replies of most of the concerned authorities have been received. The Commission is all set to announce its recommendations.

In a related development Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers has been informed about the Statement of some 100 scientists calling on the Government of India to withdraw a discredited scientific study on chrysotile (white) asbestos and to stop blocking the listing of chrysotile asbestos as a hazardous substance at an upcoming UN meeting. The ‘Study of Health Hazards / Environmental hazards resulting from use of Chrysotile variety of Asbestos in the country’, carried out by the National Institute of Occupational Health (India), states that it found no evidence that chrysotile asbestos is causing harm to health of workers in India. The Government is using the study as the reason why it will oppose the listing of chrysotile asbestos under the Rotterdam Convention at a UN conference in Geneva in May. The Convention sets safety standards to promote responsible trade in hazardous substances. It may be noted that “The study has no scientific credibility,” stated Dr. Philip Landrigan, President of the Collegium Ramazzini and Dean for Global Health, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York. “It is flawed in the design, methodology and interpretation of the results,” he added. This statement is consistent with Supreme Court’s order and resolutions of ILO and WHO on chrysotile asbestos.  

In another related development, National Green Tribunal remarked on March 23rd, 2015 took cognizance of asbestos mining in states like Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Jharkhand. It sought report on cases wherein “asbestos mining activity has been abandoned/closed, scientific closure of such mines remains in question.”

The Tribunal has asked the central environment ministry and Indian Bureau of Mines to “file list of asbestos mines located in the entire country and their present status, particularly as regards scientific closure of such mines.”

The Tribunal took congnisance of the list of existing 38 asbestos mines listed at the page 174 -extract from lease directory in the State of Rajasthan. In response, the State of Rajasthan has filed a status report dated 23.02.2015 which is supported with the affidavit and the annexure giving the description of asbestos mines.  According to this report, 32 asbestos mines listed at annexure page -3 are closed and as regards others it is revealed at paragraph-2 of the report that the same have asbestos in meager quantity and are intended to work with respect to some other minerals, namely, Abrasive granite, Quartz, Feldspar and as such no asbestos mining is going on in the State of Rajasthan. The status report speaks about the asbestos mining having been stopped. However, there is nothing to suggest that the asbestos mines which were formerly being mined for asbestos have been scientifically closed or not. The Government of Rajasthan shall file a report regarding scientifically closure of the asbestos mines and the instances of asbestos is in the State of Rajasthan till today. Referring to the affidavits filed on behalf of respondent no. 5 –Director of Mines and Geology, Government of Andhra Pradesh dated 26.02.2015, 26.08.2014 and the reply of respondent no. 8 –Andhra  Pradesh Pollution Control Board dated 15.10.2014, learned Counsel appearing for the State of Andhra Pradesh submitted that there were only five asbestos mines operating in the State of Andhra Pradesh the operations of three of which have been suspended since January/February, 2014 and as regards other 2 closed long back prior to 2014 and there have been no cases of  asbestos related cancer registered till April, 2012. Asbestos mining not only gives rise to asbestos related cancer but also to the asbestosis. The State of Andhra Pradesh has been asked to further elaborate as to the cases of asbestos is, if any, registered in the State of Andhra Pradesh till today.

Tribunal was informed by the MoEF that there have been 42 asbestos mines in the State of Karnataka which are presently not functioning. However, it is not known that whether they have been scientifically closed or not. Issue Notice to the State of Karnataka and State of Jharkhand by registered post/acknowledgment due and Dasti as well. Notice to be served on the Resident Commissioners of the respective states. States of Karnataka and Jharkhand has been asked whether the asbestos mines have been closed scientifically or not and whether there have been any instances of asbestos is in their states.

Last time India delegation relied on an irrelevant note of the Ministry of Chemicals prepared on the basis of an admittedly questionable study of NIOH study. (PIB Release attached)  The ICMR Annual Report 2011-2012 reported the “Study of Hazards/Environmental Hazards resulting from use of Chrysotile variety of asbestos in the country (Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, GOI)”  as having been done. The Director, NIOH had sent a revised proposal on June 22, 2005 to Under Secretary. Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers,Government of India to conduct the study.  A reply from Shri R N Jindal, Union Ministry of Environment & Forests based on Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC)’s note dated June 18, 2013 on the issue of Government of India’s position on hazardous substance chrysotile asbestos at the Sixth Conference of Parties of (CoP-6) of the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade held during April 28-May 10, 2013 in Switzerland.

The 7 page long attached note of the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC), Union Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers on the subject of Chrysotile Asbestos titled ‘Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals’ View on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos” in the country’ was shared with me by the Union Ministry of Environment & Forests.

MoEF’s contention based DCPC’s note stating that “On the basis of the said note, the listing of Chrysotile Asbestos under Annex ‘A’ of Rotterdam Convention at CoP-6 during April 28th -May 10th 2013 at Geneva could not be supported” is misplaced.  

The note of the ‘line department’, i.e. Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (DCPC), Union Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers on the subject chrysotile asbestos.   The note of the DCPC reveals that it has failed to understand the purpose of the Rotterdam Convention and ignorance about the objective of the Convention. The note is irrelevant from the point of view of the objective of the Convention for which it was prepared. While one disagrees with the findings of the conflict of interest ridden study conducted by the National Institute of Occupational Health, (NIOH), it is evident that even this study does not state that chrysotile asbestos is not a hazardous chemical. Had NIOH study concluded that Chrysotile Asbestos is not a hazardous chemical it may have become relevant. But even then it would have been legally unsustainable because under Indian laws chrysotile asbestos is a hazardous chemical.  

The concluding sentence of the DCPC’s note saying, “In view of the above, India may take a stand in the next CoP meeting of Rotterdam Convention for not inclusion of chrysotile asbestos in Annexure-III of Convention.  The flawed conclusion of the note titled ‘Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals’ View on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos” in the country’ is quite stark and will not stand scrutiny of logic.

The verdict of five judges of Japan’s Supreme Court of February 17, 2015 is quite relevant in this regard. It has upheld a ruling that found asbestos used at a plant of Kubota Corporation caused fatal mesothelioma in a man who lived near the plant and ordered the company to pay ¥31.9 million in damages to his relatives. The petitioners were relatives of Kojiro Yamauchi, who died at age 80 after working for two decades about 200 meters from the Kubota plant in Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture. His relatives and those of Ayako Yasui, who died at age 85 having lived about 1 km from the plant, sought damages from both Kubota and the government. In October, 2014 the Supreme Court ruled that the government was responsible for failing to protect workers from exposure at asbestos factories in Sennan, Osaka Prefecture.

It is noteworthy that Japan has banned asbestos of all kinds including white chrysotile asbestos.

Meanwhile, Nepal has become the first country in South Asia which going in the direction of banning asbestos and joined more than 50 countries which have banned hazardous white chrysotile asbestos.

For DetailsGopal Krishna, ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA), Mb: 08227816731, 09818089660, E-mail:1715krishna@gmail.com, Web: www.toxicswatch.org

List of Industries which are polluting Ganga in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal

Written By Gopal Krishna on Friday, March 27, 2015 | 1:40 AM

List of Industries which are polluting Ganga in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal 
 

Uttarakhand
1 Doon Valley Distillers (AD), Dehradun
2 M/s Aroma Craft & Tissues Private Limited, 5th.Km Manglore Jhabrera Road,Village –Noopur-Budpur Dist.Haridwar
3 M/s Sagar Paper Mills Pvt Ltd ,5th KM. Manglore-Jhabrera Road, Vill-Latherdeva, hoon,Distt. Haridwar
4 M/s Uttranchal Pulp & Paper Mills (P) Ltd.,Khasra No. 29, 2ndKm Manglore -Deoband Road,Village –Mundet ,
Roorkee,Dist. Haridwar
5 Lakshmi Sugar Mills Co.Ltd.Iqbalpur, Distt.
Haridwar Uttarakhand
6 RBNS Sugar Mills Ltd., Laksar
7 Uttam Sugar Mills Ltd, Village-Libberheri,
Tehsil- Roorkee,Dist.- Haridwar
8 M/s India Glycols Ltd, A-1, Industrial area
bazpur road, Kashipur-244713 Distt-US Nagar
9 The Bazpur Coop. Sugar Factory Ltd.
Distillery Unit, Bazpur, US Nagar, Uttarakhand
10 M/s Sidharth Paper Ltd 7th Km Moradabad
road, Kashipur-244713 Distt-US Nagar
11 M/s Sidharth Paper Ltd (Unit-II) 7th Km
Moradabad road, Kashipur-244713 Distt-USNagar
12 Shree Shayam Pulp & Board Mills Ltd. Unit-
II, Moradabad Road, Kashipur (US Nagar)
13 M/s Siddheshwari Paper Udyog Ltd 7th Km
Moradabad road, Kashipur-244713 Distt-US Nagar



Uttar Pradesh



557 M/S Triveni Tanners, 325/302, Jajmau Road, Jajmau

558 M/S Union Tanners, 104/90 A, Sanjay Nagar, Jajmau

559 M/S Unique International, 980 D, Wajidpur, Jajmau

560 M/S United Provinces Tannery Co. Ltd., Jajmau

561 M/S Universal Tanning Ind. 407 /377 A Jajmau

562 M/S Upasna Tannery, Gajjupurwa , Jajmau

563 M/S Upper India Pvt.Ltd., 38/32, Jajmau

564 M/S Venus Ind., Jajmau Road, Jajmau

565 M/S Vertex Leather 13,88/74 Hindustan

Compound Jajmau

566 M/S Wahid Tanners, 150 Ft. Road, Jajmau

567 M/S Wasif Tannery, 150 Ft. Road , Jajmau

568 M/S Welcome Chamical Ind. Chabeelepurawa Jajmau

569 M/S Welcome Tannery (Arman Tanner),

Shitala Bazar, Jajmau

570 M/S Yaqub Tanners , Chabilepurwa , Jajmau

571 M/S Yusuf Enternational , 174 , Wajidpur, Kanpur

572 M/S Z.A. Leather , 42/41 , Gajjupurwa, Jajmau

573 M/S Z.R. Leather Finishersm Vajidpur Jajmau

574 M/S Zaz Impex , Shitla Bazar , Jajmau

575 M/S Zaz Sons Export Ltd. , 4 B , Shitla Bazar, Jajmau

576 M/S Zaz Tannery , 150 Ft. Road , Jajmau, Kanpur

577 M/S Zeba Tanners , 180/3 , Laltupurwa, Jajmau

578 M/S Zinat Tanners , 183 A , Ramrai Sarai, Jajmau

579 M/S Zinat Tanners 128 /88 Ramraisarai Jajmau

580 M/S Amar Brothers Global Pvt. Ltd, Shivrajpur Manpur, G.T. Road, Kanpur

581 M/S Ordinance Equipment Factory, Phoolbag, Kanpur

582 M/s Daurala Sugar Works, Chemical Unit, Daurala, Meerut

583 M/s Daurala Organics (A unit of D.C.M. Sri Ram Ind. Ltd.), Daurala, Meerut

584 M/s Daurala Sugar Works, Distillery Unit, Daurala, Meerut

585 M/s Naglamal Sugar Complex, Distillery Unit, Naglamal, Meerut

586 M/s United Sprits Ltd., Distillery Unit, Meerut Cantt, Meerut

587 M/s Alps Industries Ltd., Vill.-Aminagar, Bhoorbaral, Partapur, Meerut

588 M/s Al-Saqib Exports Pvt. Ltd., Vill.-Alipur, Hapur Road, Meerut

589 M/s Al-Faheem Meatex Pvt. Ltd., Vill.-Alipur, Hapur Road, Meerut

590 M/s Pashvadhshala, Nagar Nigam, Hapur Road, Meerut

591 M/s Anand Triplex Board Ltd., Vill.-Saini,Mawana Road, Meerut

592 M/s New Bonanza India Ltd., Nagla Shekhu Road,Vill.-Saini,Meerut-Mawana Road, Meerut

593 M/s Devpriya Products Ltd., Vill.-Saini, Mawana Road, Meerut

594 M/s Devpriya Fibers Pvt Ltd., Vill.-Panchali, Baghpat Road, Meerut

595 M/s Anand Tissues Ltd., Vill.-Fitkari,Meerut Mawana Road, Meerut

596 M/s Devpriya papers Pvt Ltd., Vill-Saini, Mawana Road, Meerut

597 M/s Devpriya Industries, Vill-Saini, Mawana  Road,Meerut

598 M/s Devpriya Products Ltd., Vill-Saini, Mawana Road, Meerut

599 M/s Sangal Papers Ltd., Vill-Bhainsa, Meerut-Mawana Road,Meerut

600 M/s Anand Duplex Ltd, Vill-Saini, Meerut-Mawana Road,Meerut

601 M/s Paswara Papers(P) Ltd, Mohiuddinpur, Delhi Road, Meerut

602 M/s Chamunda Papert Pvt. Ltd., Dheerkhera, Industrial Area, Meerut

603 M/s UP. State Sugar Corporation Ltd, Mohiuddinpur, Meerut

604 M/s Indian Potash Ltd, Sakauti Tanda, Muzaffarnagar Road,Meerut

605 M/s Nanlamal Sugar  Complex,Nanglamal,Meerut

606 M/s Mawana Sugar Works, Mawana, Meerut.

607 M/s Daurala Sugar Works,Sugar Unit, Daurala, Meerut

608 National Industrial Corp. Ltd Raja -Ka

Sahaspur,Bilari Distt.-Moradabad(UP)

609 Dhampur Sugar Distillery Pvt. Ltd Vill. & P.O.-

ASMOLI ist.-Moradabad U.P.

610 Radico Khaitan Ltd Bareilly road,Rampur-244901(UP)

611 M/s Pasupati Acrylon Ltd. Kashipur RoadThakurdawara Dist.Moradabad-244601 (UP)

612 Milk Food Ltd.Agwanpur Bhusan,Vice President

613 Giex Foods Pvt. Ltd. Ahmad Nagar Pahari

Distt.Rampur (UP) 244901

614 Shri Ramchander Straw Products Ltd Village-

Vijaypur TehsilBilari Distt.-Moradabad

615 Shakumbri Straw Product Ltd. Unit l Village-

Devri, Tehsil-Bilario,Moradabad

616 Shakumbri Straw Product Ltd. Unit lll Village-

Devri, Tehsil-Bilario,Moradabad

617 Shakumbri Straw Product Ltd. Unit ll Village-

Devri, Tehsil-Bilario,Moradabad

618 M/s Genus Paper Product Ltd.,Kanth

road,Village:Aghwanpur,District-Moradabad(UP)

619 Rana Sugars Limited Vill-Belwara Post -

Manpur The & Distt.- Moradabad-244925(UP)

620 Shre Ajudhia Sugar Mills Raja Ka Sahaspur

Distt.-Moradabad (UP)

621 Rana Sugar Ltd. Unit Karimganj Shahbad

Distt.-Rampur State-Uttar Pradesh

622 Rudra-Bilas Kisan Sahkari Chini Mills Ltd

Bilaspur-244923 (distt.-Rampur

623 Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd Sugar

Unit-MilakNarayanpur,Post-Dadiyal Distt.-Rampur(UP)

624 Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd Sugar

Unit Rani Nangal P.O. Aliabad Pipli Distt.-Moradabad(UP)

625 Dhampur Sugar Mills Ltd,Asmali,Vill. & Post-Asmali,Tehsil-Shambal,Dist.Moradabad,(U.P) Pin.244304

626 Dewans Sugars Ltd. Agwanpur Kanth

Road,Moradabad

627 M/s Tikaula Distillary, Tikaula, Mujaffarnagar

628 M/s Triveni engineering Industries Ltd, Khatauli, Mujaffarnagar

629 M/s Tikaula Sugar Mills Ltd., Tikaula, Mujaffarnagar

630 M/s The Ganga Kishan Sahkari Chini Mills, Morna, Mujaffarnagar

631 M/S Annapurna Carpet Ltd. Nakahara road, Mirzapur

632 M/S Dugh Utpadak Sahkari Sangh, Mirzapur

633 M/S J.S. International Ltd. Leather, Technology Park,B-32 to B-47 Banthar, Unnao

634 M/S A.O.V. Exports Pvt. Ltd. D-1, D-2 Ind. Area site-1 Unnao

635 M/S Indagro Foods Ltd. UPSIDC, Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

636 M/S Bajaj Kagaj Udyog, 112, Jamuka, Unnao

637 M/S Baughauli Sugar & Distillery Pvt. Ltd. Bikapur Baghauli, Hardoi

638 M/S DSCL Hariyawan, Hardoi

639 M/S DSCL Loni, Hardoi

640 M/S DSCL Rupapur, Hardoi

641 M/S Alladad Tannery (New Name- Rahman

Industries Ltd.)A-7,8.9 Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

642 M/S Allied Eximes A-36 Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

643 M/S Calico Impex, Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

644 M/S Calico Trends,, A- 36-35, Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

645 M/S Everest Tannery Pvt. Ltp Banthar, Unnao

646 M/S Islam Tanners Pvt. Plot No. B-10 Ltp

Banthar, Unnao

647 M/S Model Exim (Unit-Ii, A-32) Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

648 M/S Model Tanners (India) Pvt. Unit- 2.A22,23,24,Upsidc Ind. Area, Ltp, Banthar, Unnao

649 M/S Northern Tannery A-42, 47 Ltp Banthar, Unnao

650 M/S Oxford Tanners, Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

651 M/S Pacific Export, A- 33, Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

652 M/S Rohit Surfactant (New Name-Leyoan Global Ltd.)Ltp. Banthar, Unnao

653 M/S Ruksh International Leather Technology Park Banthar, Unnao

654 M/S Super Tannery Ltd. Unit- Iii, Ltp,Banther, Ind. Area, Unnao

655 M/S Upper India Tannery A-40 Ltp. Banthar, Unnao

656 M/S Arifi Tanners 6, Akarampur, Unnao

657 M/S Mirza International Ltd. Magarwara, Unnao

658 M/S Mustang Leather Pvt. Ltd. Magarwara, Unnao

659 M/S Rahaman Industries Ltd. Site-Iii, Akarampur-Chakarampur, Unnao

660 M/S Sadaf Enterprises Exposts(P) Ltd. Industrial Area, Akarampur, Unnao

661 M/S Unnao Distillery And Breverege Ltd. Sekhpur, Unnao

662 M/S Zam-Zam Tanners, Kundan Road, Unnao

663 M/S Iqbal Leather Ltd. C-2 Ind. Area, Site-2, Unnao

664 M/S Calico Trends, 17-Leather Complex Site-2, Unnao

665 M/S Crescent Tanners(Unit-2) Ind. Area Site-2 Unnao

666 M/S Crescent Tanners(Unit-1) Leather Complex Site-2 Unnao

667 M/S Gbs Tanners B-6, Site-2, Industrial Area Unnao

668 M/S Kings International Ltd. D-13, C-19, Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

669 M/S Leader Fabrics, D-16 Ind. Area Site-2, Unnao

670 M/S Model Tanners (India) Pvt. Ltd. 97/17

8/3, Upsidc Ind. Area Site-Ii, Unnao

671 M/S Sultan Tanneries & Leather Products D-16, Site-Ii, Unnao

672 M/S Super House Ltd.(Goat Division), Site-2

Ind. Area, Unnao

673 M/S Super House Ltd.(Chrome Training Division), Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

674 M/S Super House Ltd.(Shole Division), Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

675 M/S Saf Yeast Co. Ltd. Sandila Industrial, Hardoi

676 M/S Allied Leather Finishers Pvt. Ltd. F-27,28

Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

677 M/S Kidco Leather Finishers (P) Ltd. Plot No.

11,12 Site-2 Ind. Area, Unnao

678 M/S Omega International G-11 To 14 Site-Ii, Unnao

679 M/s Government Opium and Alkaloid Works, Ghazipur

680 M/s Lords Distillery Limited, Nandgunj, Ghazipur.

681 M/s O Bee Tee Limited,Gopepur, Gopigunj,Sant Ravidas Nagar

682 M/s Dugdh Utpadak Sahkari Sangh Limited, Industrial Area, Ramnagar, Chandauli.

683 M/s Hindustan CocaCola Beverages(P)Ltd, Mehndigunj, Raja Talab,Varanasi.

684 M/s Diesel Locomotive Works,Manduadih, Varanasi

685 M/s Newel Calcutta (P)Ltd,D-16, Industrial Area, Ramnagar,Chandauli

686 M/s Shri Omkar Paper & Board Mills(P)Ltd,D-6, 7 Industrial Area, Ramnagar,Chandauli

687 M/s Ganga Pulp & Paper (P)Ltd,A-6, Industrial Area, Ramnagar, Chandauli



Bihar



1 Indian Oil Corporation Limited,Barauni Oil

Refinery. Dist Begusarai P.O.Barauni Oil Refinary

2 M/S United spirits

Ltd.,Hathidah,Mokama,Patna

3 Budhiya Textile, Bhagalpur

4 JJ Exporters, Bhagalpur

5 Tassat Dyeing, Bhagalpur

6 M/S Hindustan coca cola bewarages Pvt.Ltd,E-1,Industrial area,Patliputra,Patna-13

7 Patana Dairy, Patna

8 M/S ITC ltd( India tobacco division) PO Basdeopur, Munger 9 M/s N.T.P.C. Limited ,kahalgoon , Super

Tharmal Power Plant,STP P.O.- Kahalgaon, STP,Dist- Bhagalpur

10 Barauni Thrmal Power Station Barauni,Dist.Begusarai

11 M/S United Paper boards Private Ltd.,Near industrial area,Patna-13

12 M/S Bata India Ltd.,Mokamaghat factory PO Hathidah-dist, Patna

13 M/S Bata India Ltd.,Bataganj,Patna-18



West Bengal



1 PMC Rubber Chemicals 103 GT Road (West)

PO & PS Rishra District Hooghly Pin - 712248

2 United phosphorus Ltd,Durga chak PO,

Haldia, 721602, Purba medinipur

3 Hindustan Unilever Ltd. 63 Garden reach

Road . Kolkata 700024

4 Indian oil corporation, Haldia refinary,Haldia

oil refinary PO, Hadia Dist,Purba mednapur-721606

5 Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. PO Durgachak

Medinipur 713203

6 MCC PTA corp.Pvt.Ltd,Bhunia rai

chakMednipore east, Haldia dist, 7112249

7 I FB Agro Industries Ltd. Village - Durgapur,

PO Noorpur, Via - Sarisha Ashram

8 M/S United Brewaries Limited, Kalyani Unit

Plot No - 18, Block - D, Vittal Mallya Road,

Kalyani, Dist - Nadia, Pin - 741235

9 Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd. [Jayashree Textiles];

5, Panchugopal Bhaduri Sarani Rishra,

District - Hooghly Pin-712249

10 Dhunseri Petrochem & Tea Ltd. (South Asian Petrochem Ltd.); P.O. Khanjanchak, P.S. - Durgachak,

11 Mother Dairy Calcutta

P.O. Dankuni Coal Complex Pin - 712310

12 Britannia Industries Ltd.; 15, Taratala Road,

PO & PS Taratara, Kolkata-700088

13 Diamond Beverages Pvt. Ltd.; P-41,

Taratala Road, Pin - 700088

14 Bengal Beverages Pvt. Ltd.; Durgapur

Expressway, P.O. Dankuni Coal Complex, P.S.

Dankuni

15 Dankuni Coal Complex Coal India Ltd. Dankuni

16 Eveready Industries India Ltd. Unit National

Carbon Plant; 5, Rustomjee Parsee Road,

Kolkata-700002

17 Hindustan Motors Ltd. PO Hindmotor, Pin - 712233

18 Emami paper Mills Ltd. Gulmohor Unit, R.N.

Tagore Road PO Alambazar, Kolkata 700035

19 ITC Limited Paper Boards & Speciality Paper

Division Tribeni Unit Chandrahati PO

Hooghly 712504

20 Supreme Paper Mills Ltd. Vill : Rainanagar,

PO Chakdah Dist - Nadia

21 Shree Renuka sugars, City center, Behog PO,

Poorba medinipore, 721651

22 M/S. Khaitan (India) Ltd. Khaitan Nagar PO

Palasy, PS Kaliganj Dist - Nadia Pin -741157


 
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