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community of fate of Alang's migrant workers from UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha

Written By Gopal Krishna on Monday, October 22, 2012 | 3:10 AM

Migration of workers from this part o the country is not a new phenomenon. The origin of modern day migration goes back to the colonial period, with the dispatch of indentured labour to erstwhile British colonies. This happened because British wished to replace Black slave labour with the indentured labour after the abolition of slavery. More than 25,000 migrant workers who are mostly from the Bhojpuri speaking (a dialect of Hindi) belt of from UP, Bihar and Jharkhand, one of India's most backward states, work at Alang besides Odisha. This is a case of migration within the country among different states. These are the people mostly from farmer families who choose to endanger their life to earn their livelihood instead of committing suicide as is being witnessed in most of the prosperous states like Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Maharshtra. International Labour Organisation has noted that historically migration was predominantly from this very area. Migrant workers that come from the state of Odisha come from villages of districts of Khurda, Nayagath and Ganjam. It is estimated that Gujarat has about 800,000 workers from Odisha. A large part of it find job in shipbreaking activity. It has been noted that from the villages of Ganjam district, at least one man left each household in search for a job. In Ganjam's city of Berhampur many people go to Alang to look for a job. A lot of shipbreaking victims live in the Ganjam districtvillages Adapada and Khaling Panchyat. The village of Adapada has got as many as 22 shipbreaking widows. Khaling is another big village of 5,000 inhabitants. Villagers have migrated from Khaling to Alang in search of a job. Most of them work at the shipbreaking yards of Alang as loaders. These migrant workers from UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha constitute a community of fate. The plight of migrant workers of this area for over a century is yet to be fully documented. Given below is a list of villages from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha from where migrant workers go to ship-breaking yard for work. STATE – U.P. Dist – Gorakhpur Village P.O. Kunjazagaudh Ramchandra Baraipar Khajurgaon Kampairganj Gadahi Gagaha Diveran Zamrela Mahuo Khurd Pipraich Thikori Gajpur Vibhunpur Furwaria Bazar Gulcharia Bazar Hapurraymantola Bhadat Bazar Bankal Rauja Dargah Pokharbhinda Chourichoura Laxmipur Sarat Harnampur Bharodia Karimnagar Kain Bazar - Nakaha Tola Rajdhani – Sardar Nagar Gaunarkhas Chourichoura Gajpur Kondidham Sardah Newaispar Jangal Maghi Jaainpur Jai Ramkue Sadna Baijudiha Brahampur Bazar Nathwa Hemdapur UP – Dist - Basti Village P.O. Sikra Barga Mundwa Bakhariya Rudranagar Bankatiya Tileari Rasulpur Tareta Dharai, Purani Basti Karhi Chhukia Belthra Pakdijai Munderva Shahpur Parusiya Tikar Kanchani Nevari Lalganj Rasulpur Basti Tilakpur Hazipur Dist - Maharaj Ganj Bhuvani Biraicha, Dhudhali Bazar Mangalhapra (Pratappur) Tisva Bazar Janaki Nagar Ram Nagedra Via Anand Nagar Tewalulia Kulahaw Mansur Ganj Khurd Mansor Ganj Khandh Pakri Puraudurpur Dhani Behauha STATE – U.P. Dist : Dewaria Village P.O. Pandura Batauli Pandey Betalpur - Asravazar Ghavni Jkhokda Khas Bhrugusari Velkunda Dewkuli Ram Mandapur Khutahan Ghanti Pahadpur Madanpur Rampur Mahua Bari Shivpur Gader Lakhnan Bijapur Jhantor Parsavna Jogia Harnuhi Baraw (Madanpur) Niba Majha Narayanpur Sariya Babu Badahar Kusama Tolubhat Badihad Bhaluani - Ishwarpura Pachladi, Sarav Keshav vari Warpar Wadhayan Fulwari Thakur Tanwa Batrawali Pandey Baltikra Bazar Nilwa Bazar Bareji Batrauli Pandey Vadhavpura Maluoni Mithaya Khurd Sindhuo Harphoda Rampur Mahuo Bari Khushua - Khoraram Badhiya Bujuvug Awadhpur Bela Kunda Gauri Bazar Sonda - Haivaya Deorio Dist - Dewaria Mahovaba Katrari Badheo Bazar - Gadwa Mehrana Ghat Bhabholli Rudrapur Wavari Vaitalpur Sekhona Amathe Thakurdeva Palwanea Balautha Rudalpur Bahurma Katrari Dist - Kushinagar Marwan Mathiya Madhawpur,Buzuio Pathauli Kaptangarh Jamani Barwan Bharsar Holiya Pipraich Muzhana Hetipur Sahwazpur Vsarahawa Suk Rauli Bazar Duiliha Mania Chhakaria Laxmiganj Patni Sukrauli Bazar Somli Pioi - Barmababu Vipraelh Gram Dedea Maniha ) Lachhmiganj Toha Ahroli ) State – Bihar Dist – Munger Village P.O. Katriea Madreapur Lakhanpur Sarganj Wisanpur Makwa Mahanpur Gharhara Chotemaoali Bahdepur Chirnyabag / Baryarpur Ratanpur Balaahi Purshottampur Dist - Gaya Despura Bhadaya Jagir Jagir Bespura Pahdea Dist - Chapra Jumaighar Jumaighar Kedarposta Jainawan Domaeegarh - The names of districts from Odisha Khurda, Nayagath Ganjam
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