Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention to be presented to the Conference of the Parties for adoption at its seventeenth session (56 pages)
Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol at its sixteenth session (25 pages)
Durban Chair's Proposal (2 page)
INDABA: THE BIGGER PICTURE
Friday, 9 December 2011 @ 23:00
The Conference of the Parties,
Recognizing that climate change represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to
human societies and the planet and thus requires to be urgently addressed by all Parties,
and acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible
cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate
international response, with a view to accelerate the reduction of global greenhouse gas
Noting with grave concern the significant gap between the aggregated effect of Parties' mitigation pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and
aggregate emissions pathways consistent with having a likely chance of holding warming
below 2°C or 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels;
Recognizing also that fulfilling the ultimate objective of the Convention will require
strengthening the multilateral, rules-based regime under the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change;
1. Noting decision 1/CMP.7 [Amendments and related decisions to secure a ratifiable
second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol];
2. Also noting decision 1/CP.17 [Implementation of the Bali Action Plan, including
operationalisation of the Cancun Agreements];
3. Decides to extend the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under
the Convention for one year in order for it to continue its work and reach the agreed
outcome pursuant to decision 1/CP.13 (Bali Action Plan) through decisions adopted at
the 16th, 17th and 18th sessions of the Conference of the Parties, at which time the
Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action shall be terminated;
4. Decides also to launch a process to develop a Protocol or another legal instrument
applicable to all Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change, through a subsidiary body under the Convention hereby established and to be
known as the Ad Hoc Working Group on XX;
5. Decides that the process shall begin immediately and be conducted as a matter of
urgency and that the Ad Hoc Working Group on XX shall report to the intervening
sessions of the Conference of the Parties on the progress of its work;
6. Decides that the Ad Hoc Working Group on XX shall complete its work as early as
possible but no later than 2015 in order to adopt this legal instrument at the 21st session
of the Conference of Parties;
7. Also decides that the Ad Hoc Working Group on XX shall plan its work in 2012,
including, inter alia, on mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and
transfer and capacity building, drawing upon submission from Parties, and relevant
technical, social and economic information and expertise;
8. Decides that the process shall raise levels of ambition and be informed, inter alia, by
the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the
outcomes of the 2013-2015 review and the work of the Subsidiary Bodies
Background Note from the Presidency
As mandated, the COP17/CMP7 Presidency has been consulting Parties and stakeholders in a variety of settings throughout the year in an inclusive and transparent manner to pave the way for a successful outcome in Durban. As delegates will recall, these consultations started in Bonn and continued at the last inter-sessional meeting in Panama, as well as in other informal consultations where delegates participated in informal exchanges of views on a number of cross-cutting issues. It is clear from our interactions so far that delicate balances will have to be struck between these cross-cutting issues and within issues and that a solution should be found in a holistic manner. The Presidency was encouraged to continue to explore solutions for this multi-dimensional challenge.
Here in Durban we now need to distill solutions from the understandings that are emerging
on these issues. In order to provide a platform for Parties to find such solutions, the
Presidency will convene an Indaba to continue this quest. The Indaba will begin on Wednesday, 30 November 2011 from 13h00 to 14h00. The intention is that the outcome of the Indaba will be continued into the High-level Segment.
Convening Indabas is an essential element of South African participatory democracy. Indaba is a word in isiZulu that refers to a gathering of people, infused with wisdom and Ubuntu1, with a purpose of discussing a matter of great importance to the community, particularly problems that affect everyone, and to solve intractable or difficult collective challenges. Indabas aim at establishing a common mind or a common story that all participants can take with them. In successful Indabas, participants come with open minds motivated by the spirit of the common good, listening to each other to find compromises that will benefit the community as a whole.
(1 One interpretation of Ubuntu says that I am what I am because of who we are. )
Parties have said to each other that actions to address climate change must be strengthened. Sustainable actions, in a variety of forms and across a wide spectrum, are to be implemented if an adequate and timely response to climate change is to be found. Such actions need to be implemented now with urgency through the work done under the mandates of the AWG-KP and the AWG-LCA. Taking the newest scientific reports into account, current actions will not be enough. It is therefore also necessary to plan beyond these mandates for enhanced actions to be taken in future. A fair, balanced and credible outcome in Durban will depend on finding a balance
between what Parties are prepared to agree to do now with respect to implementation and
what they are prepared to agree now in relation to future climate action. This understanding on the link between the need for immediate action and a commitment to future action has the potential to give content to the conference motto Working Together, Saving Tomorrow Today.
Focus of the Indaba
In order to have a focused and structured engagement in the limited time available, contemplating the following questions may be useful:
o In working towards the strengthening of the multilateral rules-based response to climate change that builds on the existing regime and with the view to keeping the average rise in global temperature below 2 °C, what immediate actions should
Parties agree to in Durban under the AWG-KP track and the AWG-LCA track?
o What are Parties prepared to commit to now on the elements of future climate action? In particular, are Parties prepared to consider:
objectives of a future multilateral rules-based regime; and a process and timelines?
In responding to these questions, the hope is that Parties can begin to develop an understanding of a possible core outcome for Durban.
To make the Indaba productive, Parties are invited to an interactive exchange through focused and brief interventions.
Presentation by the Presidency
Gorbachev’s message to Okinawa: Okinawa for the people, not for the military - A message for Okinawa from Mikhail Gorbachev Knowing now about the presence of nuclear weapons in Okinawa during the Cold War era, as revealed in a recen...