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NGOs call for urgent action on toxic chemicals at UN Conference

Written By Gopal Krishna on Saturday, May 16, 2009 | 11:59 AM

Chemical industry refuses to provide financial support

Political will to carry out agreement uncertain

Public interest NGOs welcomed the limited advances made at the 2nd International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM2), however the lack of concrete financial support and wavering political commitment saw many urgent chemical safety issues ignored. One key advance saw delegates approve an NGO proposal to eliminate lead in paint globally and NGOs will work with governments and others to reach this goal within three years.

The Conference took up issues under a global agreement known as the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM). Featured items included chemicals in products, electronic waste, and nanotechnology. Each fell short of expectations.

The “chemicals in products” issue started out as a call for information on chemicals in consumer products in answer to public concerns in many countries. At the meeting, the industry together with the US narrowed the scope to pre-existing information about databases, regulations, and industry initiatives. “At the conclusion of this process, countries and consumers will still not have the information they need to protect themselves from dangerous chemicals in products,” said Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith, IPEN Co-Chair.

The 53 countries of the African region along with Peru proposed a collaborative program of work to address producer responsibility and prevent near end of life electrical equipment from becoming dumped as toxic waste. At ICCM2, delegates narrowed the original proposal to a single workshop to identify and assess the lifecycle of electronic products and make recommendations to ICCM3 in 2012. “Instead of aggressive collaborative action between source and recipient countries, ICCM2 gave us a single workshop. While delegates are planning this single workshop, millions of tons of toxic electronic products will be arriving on our shores,” said Professor Jamidu Katima, IPEN Co-Chair.

The emerging concerns on nanotechnology backtracked from previous international consensus. In September 2008, 71 governments agreed on a resolution recommending precaution and labelling consumer products that contain manufactured nanomaterials. [1] Unfortunately, the US attacked the resolution and the Conference called for modest actions such as information sharing. “The actions on nanotechnology that were agreed upon at ICCM2 do not reflect the urgency of the issue. The delegates were made aware that nanomaterials are an intergenerational risk, with nanoparticles being passed from mother to child via maternal blood. Yet these risks appear to have been ignored in the response by ICCM2," said Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith, IPEN Co-Chair.

All delegates at ICCM2 agreed that an adequate, accessible, long-term sustainable financial mechanism is critical to achieving chemical safety. Delegates focused on development aid but one even larger potential source of financing is the global chemical industry which generates more than USD $3 trillion turnover annually.[2] At ICCM2, the chemical industry repeatedly refused to contribute money directly to SAICM to help countries manage its products. “The industry wants to sell us their products, but not pay for their toxic impacts. The harm caused by the industry’s products is the reason we need SAICM in the first place,” said Professor Jamidu Katima, IPEN Co-Chair. “We join others in calling on the industry to pay their fair share.”

SAICM is currently not on track to achieve the 2020 goal. Implementation has advanced, but the pace has been slow and uneven. Public awareness of chemical safety issues remains low and inclusion of public stakeholders in relevant decision-making processes has been uneven.

IPEN still believes that SAICM has the potential to be a critical global framework to eliminate the harms caused by chemicals and remains committed to reaching the 2020 goal of a toxics free future.



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For information on the NGO activities to implement SAICM, see the Citizens’ Report at
http://www.ipen.org/campaign/documents/education/citzreport_09.pdf


The International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN) is a global public interest NGO network with more than 700 Participating Organizations in 100 countries in all regions. IPEN Participating Organizations in many countries and in all regions collaborated to advance the common goal of creating a strong and effective global POPs treaty. IPEN now works with NGOs at regional, national, district and community levels in support of POPs elimination efforts at a step toward a future world where toxic chemicals no longer cause harm to human health or to the environment. www.ipen.org


[1] Dakar Statement on Manufactured Nanomaterials http://www.who.int/ifcs/documents/forums/forum6/f6_finalreport_en.pdf
[2] More than USD $3,000,000,000,000

Nine toxic chemicals added to banned list: UN

Nine chemicals, including headlice treatment lindane, have been added to a list of poisonous substances that are to be eliminated under the Stockholm Convention, the UN Environment Programme said on May 9, 2009.

More than 160 signatory states of the convention targeting hazardous substances that can kill or are seriously harmful to health, added the chemicals to the existing list of 12 after a week-long meeting in Geneva.

"The tremendous impact of these substances on human health and the environment has been acknowledged today by adding nine new chemicals to the Convention," said UN Under-Secretary General Achim Steiner in a statement.

"This shift reflects international concern on the need to reduce and eventually eliminate such substances throughout the global community."

The nine chemicals that member states have now committed to eliminate are:

- Lindane -- used in treatment of headlice and scabies, and in insecticides

- Alpha hexachlorocyclohexane -- a by-product of lindane

- Beta hexachlorocyclohexane -- a by-product of lindane

- Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether -- used in flame retardants

- Tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether -- used in flame retardants

- Chlordecone -- used in agricultural pesticides

- Hexabromobiphenyl -- used in flame retardants

- Pentachlorobenzene -- used in fungicides, flame retardants

- Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride -- used in electric and electronic parts, photo imaging, textiles
On the Net:

* UN Environment Programme: http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=585&ArticleID=6158&l=en
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